Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela

Ministerio de la Defensa

Universidad Nacional Experimental Politécnica de la Fuerza Armada

Profesor: Karen M. Hoyos L.

Presente Simple

Read this conversation

judy: I need more coffee. Would you like some? mark: Yes, please.

judy: Here you go. mark: Thanks.

judy: Oh! New photos?

mark: Yes . . . Look at this one. This is my brother, Nick. He lives in Kenya. He teaches English there.

judy: In Kenya? Wow! . . . You look alike.

mark: I know. We both have dark brown hair and

green eyes.

judy: And you're both tall.

mark: But we're different in a lot of ways.

judy: How?

mark: Well, I like people and parties. Nick likes

computers. I don't like computers, and Nick doesn't like parties.

judy: Anything else?

mark: Uh-huh. I speak Chínese. Nick speaks Swahili. I read newspapers and magazines. Nick reads novéis and grammar books. I cali my friends. I watch DVDs almost every night, but Nick goes online. He e-mails me a lot.

judy: Yeah? He sounds interesting.

El Presente Simple es utilizado para hablar acerca de hechos o cosas que ocurren una y otra vez. Ej.

I live in Kenya.

A fact.

He watches TV every night.

Happen again and again.

En oraciones afirmativas, se utiliza la forma simple del verbo con I, you, we, they. Ej.

We live en Redmond.

They have a house in Seattle.

Se debe adicionar –s o –es sólo con la tercera persona del singular: He, She, It. –S se adiciona a la mayoría de los verbos, en cambio –es sólo se adiciona a aquellos verbos cuyas terminaciones sean ch, o, s, sh, x, o z. Ej.

He reads a book.

She watches TV at night.

She does her homework after class.

Para formar oraciones negativas, se utiliza el auxiliar do not o does not más la forma base del verbo. Usualmente, la forma negativa del auxiliar puede ser contraida como don’t o doesn’t de manera informal. Ej.

He does not read a book.

She does not watch TV at night.

They do not do her homework after class.

He doesn’t read a book.

She doesn’t watch TV at night.

They don’t do her homework after class.

Los verbos be y have son llamados verbos irregulares debido a que cambian su forma. Ej.

She has a car.

They have a car.

I am a teacher.

She is a teacher.

They are teachers.

Adverbios de Frecuencia

Los adverbios de frecuencia denotan cuan frecuente pasa algo. Loas adverbios de frecuencia, usualmente preceden a los verbos en una oración; a excepción del verbo to be donde los mismos deben ser ubicados después del verbo.

Always Usually Often Sometimes Rarely never

100% of the time 0% of the time

Otros verbos

Verbo “be”

He usually goes to a fast-food place.

It always rains on weekends.

I’m usually tired in the morning.

The food at that restaurant is never very good.

Los adverbios usually y sometimes tambien pueden ser colocados al principio o al final de una oración. Ej.

I usually get up at 6 o’clock.

I sometimes skip breakfast.

Usually I get up at 6 o’clock.

I get up at 6 o’clock, usually.

Sometimes I skip breakfast.

I skip breakfast, sometimes.

EXERCISES

  1. Forma oraciones uniendo las columna A y B a través de una línea


2. Hábitos y rutinas. Completa los espacios en blanco utilizando palabras del cuadro que se encuentra a continuación.

Break On On brush by does does finishes get get go goes goes goes has has have have his in past play plays starts surf to until watch watches

Maria's week:


"On weekdays, I __________ up at half past seven. I____________ a shower,________ my hair and ________ dressed. I go to school

car. School _________ at a quarter _________ eight. __________ is from quarter past eleven ______________ quarter to twelve. School ____________ at half past two. I ___________ lunch at three o'clock........."

2. Escribe en los espcacios en blancos la forma correcta de la oración.

affirmative

negative

questions

I

I play.



you

You help.



he


He does not answer.


she


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